Capybara: Debugging Your Specs with save_and_open_screenshot Method
Tagged under: #rspec#capybara
Capybara is a popular testing tool for writing and executing acceptance tests for web applications. It’s often used in conjunction with RSpec, a testing framework for Ruby, to write integration tests that simulate a user’s interaction with a web application.
While writing tests with Capybara, there may be instances where you need to see what the application looks like at a certain point in time to understand why a test is failing. This is where the
save_and_open_screenshot method comes in handy.
save_and_open_screenshot method allows you to save a screenshot of the current page being tested and open it in your default image viewer. This feature can be incredibly helpful in debugging tests that are failing and providing visibility into the state of the application at a specific point in time.
save_and_open_screenshot, simply include it in your RSpec test where you want to capture a screenshot. For example:
it "displays the correct information on the page" do visit "/my_page" expect(page).to have_content("Welcome to My Page") save_and_open_screenshot end
When this test is run, Capybara will save a screenshot of the page after the visit line is executed and open it for you to view. This allows you to see exactly what the page looks like and verify that the expected content is present.
It’s important to note that
save_and_open_screenshot should be used sparingly, as it can slow down the speed of your tests. Additionally, it’s not recommended to use this method in a production environment, as it could potentially expose sensitive information.
In conclusion, the
save_and_open_screenshot method is a powerful tool for debugging tests in Capybara. It provides visual insight into the state of the application and can help you quickly identify and resolve issues in your tests. Just remember to use it wisely and only in a development or testing environment.
Another option to capture a screenshot while testing with Capybara is the
save_screenshot method. This method is similar to
save_and_open_screenshot, except that it only saves the screenshot to your local file system and does not open it automatically.
save_screenshot, you would include it in your RSpec test like so:
it "displays the correct information on the page" do visit "/my_page" expect(page).to have_content("Welcome to My Page") save_screenshot("screenshot.png") end
In this example, the screenshot of the current page will be saved to a file named screenshot.png in your local file system. You can then open the screenshot file manually to view it.
The advantage of using
save_screenshot over save_and_open_screenshot is that it provides more control over where and how the screenshot is saved. For example, you can specify a different file path or format for the screenshot.
In conclusion, both save_and_open_screenshot and
save_screenshot can be useful for debugging tests with Capybara. The choice between the two will depend on your specific needs and preferences.